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弥生時代 the Yayoi Period [History]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 When did the Yayoi period start and end?
2 Why is this period called "Yayoi"?
3 What started in this period?
4 What kind of "houses" did the Yayoi people live in?
5 Who introduced rice farming to Japan?
6 How different is Yayoi earthenware and Jomon ware?
7 In those days, what was Japan called in old Chinese history books?
8 Do you know any famous king's or queen's names of this period?
9 Do you know any famous sites of this period?

Useful Words
弥生式土器   Yayoi earthenware, Yayoi ware
稲作      rice farming
青銅器     bronze ware
定住      settlement
朝貢外交    tribute diplomacy
竪穴式住居   pit house
幾何学的な   geometrical
登呂遺跡    the Toro site


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共通テーマ:資格・学び

忍者 Ninja [History]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 When were there a lot of ninja in Japanese history?
2 What was ninja's job? Who hired ninja?
3 Do you know any regions famous for ninja?
4 Do you know any famous names of ninja?
5 Were there any female ninja?
6 What training did they get?
7 What weapons did they have?
8 Why did they avoid fighting?
9 What did they change their jobs to after the 17th century?
10 Do you think there are still some ninja in Japan now?
11 Why do you think ninja are so popular among foreigners?

Useful Words
戦国時代     the Warring States period
暗殺者      assassin
変装       disguise
手裏剣      throwing knife, ninja star
まきびし     spike
薬草       medical herb
火薬       gunpowder

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

開国 the Opening of the Country [History]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 Why did Japan take the national isolation policy?
2 How long was Japan isolated?
3 What are the advatages of the isolation policy?
4 What are the disadvantages of the isolation policy?
5 Who forced Japan to open the country?
6 Why did America want Japan to open the country?
7 What ports did Japan open after the Treaty of Peace and Amity was signed?
8 What ports did Japan open after the Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed?
9 Do you think the opening of the country was the right decision?

Useful Words
鎖国政策     the (national) isolation policy
鎖国する     be isolated / be closed
キリスト教    Christianity
他国の侵略    invasion of other countries
捕鯨船      whaling ship
日米和親条約   the Treaty of Peace and Amity
日米修好通商条約 the Treaty of Amity and Commerce
~にはるかに遅れをとる  be far behind ~

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

鎌倉幕府 the Kamakura shogunate (government) [History]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 Who established the Kamakura shogunate?
2 Why did he establish the government in Kamakura?
3 Why was Kamakura called a natural fortress?
4 Why didn't he destroy the Imperial Court?
5 What do you know about his wife, Masako?
6 What do you know about his young brother, Yoshitsune?
7 Who held the power as regents after the 3rd shogun was killed?
8 Who was the regent when the Mongol Invasions happened?
9 What's "kamikaze"?
10 How long did the Kamakura shogunate last?

Useful Words
天然の要塞   natural fortress
朝廷      the Imperial Court
尼将軍     nun shogun
滅ぼす     destroy
正当化する   authorize
執権      regent
元寇      Mongol(ian) Invasions / Expeditions
元王朝     the Yuan dynasty
フビライ・ハン(クビライ・カァン) Kublai Khan

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

東京の歴史 the History of Tokyo [History]

質問に答えて英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 What's Edo?
2 Who established the Edo shogunate government here?
3 Why did the person reclaim vast areas of Edo?
4 What did he do after the reclamation?
5 What were the five main highways?
6 How large was the population of Edo in the 18th century?
7 In those days, which was larger, Edo or Paris?
8 How long did the Edo shogunate government last?
9 Why was the name of the city changed from Edo to Tokyo?
10 What's the population of Tokyo now?

Useful Words
埋め立てる   reclaim
埋め立て    reclamation
沼地、湿地   marshland
五街道     the five main highways
辞職する    resign


共通テーマ:資格・学び

明治維新 Meiji Restoration [History]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 When did Meiji Restoration start?
2 What caused Meiji Restoration?
3 Who gave the political power to Emperor Meiji?
4 How many years did the Tokugawa Shogunate government last?
5 Before Meiji Restoration, where did the Emperor live?
6 Edo wasn't the capital of Japan. Why?
7 Why do you think the Meiji Government changed the name to Tokyo?
8 Why was Japan far behind Western countries?
9 What did the Meiji Government do to catch up with Western countries?

Useful Words
ペリー提督   Commodore Perry
鎖国政策    isolation policy
追いつく    catch up with
政権      the political power
遅れを取る   be far behind


共通テーマ:資格・学び