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将棋 Japanese Chess [Tradition]

質問に答えて英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 Where is Japanese chess originated in?
2 Are there any differences between chess and Japanese chess?
3 How many pieces do you use in Japanese chess?
4 Could you name all the pieces of Japanese chess?
5 How many titles are there in Japanese chess?
6 Why do you think AI is stronger than human players?
7 How do you become a Japanese chess professional?
8 Which is easier, go or Japanese chess?

Useful Words
マス目    grid
駒      piece
人工知能   AI
日本将棋連盟 the Japan Shogi Association (JSA)
奨励会    "apprentice school"
段      dan
昇格する   be promoted


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共通テーマ:資格・学び

相撲 Sumo [Tradition]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 How many sumo tournaments do you have in a year?
2 Why do sumo wrestlers wear only sumo belts?
3 Why do they throw salt onto the ring before each bout?
4 Could you tell me the sumo rules?
5 How do the wrestlers develop such huge bodies?
6 How heavy are they?
7 What kind of ranks are there in the "makuuchi" division?
8 Where do sumo wrestlers live?
9 What's "chanko"?
10 Do you think you'll have a Japanese yokozuna in the near future?

Useful Words
場所      tournament
取組      bout
まわし     sumo belt
神事      Shinto ritual
土俵      ring
空腹の状態で  on an empty stomach
平均して    on average
相撲部屋    sumo stable
鍋料理     hot pot dish

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

正月 New Year [Tradition]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 What's "kadomatsu"? Where do you display it?
2 Do pine branches and bamboo stems have any special meanings?
3 What's "shimekazari"? Where do you display it?
4 Why do you display "kadomatsu" and "shimekazari" at New Year?
5 What's "kagamimochi"?
6 Why is it called "kagami"?
7 What do you do at New Year?
8 Do you go to see the first sunrise of the year?

Useful Words
長寿     longevity / long life
繁栄     prosperity
しめ縄    sacred straw rope
シダ     fern leaf
みかん    tangerine
二段重ねの  two-tiered

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

元号 Japanese Era Name [Tradition]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 What's "Heisei"?
2 When do you change era names?
3 What was the previous era?
4 How do you convert Western calendar years to Japanese era years?
5 Is the present Emperor Emperor Heisei?
6 Which is familiar to you, 2016 or Heisei 28? Why?
7 Do you think you should stop using era names?
8 What was the first era name?

Useful Words
西暦    the Western calendar, the Gregorian calendar
変換する  convert
下二桁   the last two digits
足す    add
引く    subtract
現天皇   the present Emperor
大化の改新 Taika Reform

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

いただきます Itadakimasu [Tradition]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 What does "Itadakimasu" mean?
2 What do you say when you finish your meal? What does it mean?
3 Is it okay to say "Itadakimasu" at the end of the meal?
4 Is it important to say these words at meals? Why?
5 Why do you put your hands together when you say these words?
6 Do you sometimes say "Gochisosama" before eating?
7 Why do you say "Gochisosama" when someone tells you how sweet his/her partner is?

Useful Words
命をとる     take
手を合わせる   put one's hands together
仏教の教え    Buddhist teachings
感謝する     thank, appreciate
感謝の言葉    thank-you word
もう十分です   That's enough. I'm full.

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

茶の湯 Tea Ceremony [Tradition]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 Why do you take off your watch and accessories before a tea ceremony?
2 What do you do first after you enter the tea room?
3 Why do you eat Japanese sweets before you drink the tea?
4 Can we eat one more sweet after drinking the tea?
5 Why do you turn the tea bowl again and again?
6 What's "kaishi"? How do you use it?
7 What's the difference between thin tea and thick tea?
8 What's "ichigo-ichie"?
9 What if my legs fall asleep?
10 Who is Sen no Rikyu?

Useful Words
掛け軸    hanging scroll
時計回りに  clockwise
反時計回りに counter-clockwise
鑑賞する   appreciate
もてなし   hospitality
一期一会   once-in-a-lifetime encounter
足がしびれる fall asleep
膝を崩す   sit at ease

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

結婚祝い Wedding Gift [Tradition]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 What do you usually give as a wedding gift?
2 Why is a money gift so popular in Japan?
3 Why do you put the money in an envelope?
4 Why should the number of the bills be an odd number?
5 A coworker invited me to her wedding party. How much should I give her?
6 What's "noshi-bukuro"?
7 What's "hikidemono"?

Useful Words
のし袋   gift envelope, a decorative envelope for a money gift
水引    decorative cords
引き出物  return gift (from the bride and groom)
奇数    odd number
偶数    even number

共通テーマ:資格・学び

君が代 Kimigayo [Tradition]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 When do you sing or hear your national anthem?
2 Could you sing Kimigayo, please?
3 What's the meaning of its lyrics?
4 Where do the lyrics come from? What's the original meaning?
5 Some teachers don't sing Kimigayo at school ceremonies. Why?
6 Do you like Kimigayo?

Useful Words
国歌      national anthem
歌詞      lyrics
長く続く統治  long-lasting reign
作者不明の和歌 anonymous poem
古今和歌集   "Kokin Wakashu" anthology

共通テーマ:資格・学び
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