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稲荷神社 Inari Shrine [Religion]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 How many Inari shrines are there in Japan?
2 Who are Inari shrines dedicated to?
3 Where is Fushimi Inari Shrine?
4 Why are there so many red gates in the shrine?
5 What's "Light-or-Heavy Stone" of Fushimi Inari Shrine?
6 Why are there fox statues in Inari shrines?
7 Why do you offer "inari-zushi" at Inari shrines?
8 What's "hatsuuma"?
9 What's "kitsune-udon"?

Useful Words
願い事をする  make a wish
願いが叶う   be granted / come true
お使い     messenger
米俵      straw rice bag
午の日     the Horse Day
お揚げ     deep-fried bean curd
化かす     trick

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

七福神 the Seven Lucky Gods [Religion]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 Are the seven lucky gods Shinto gods?
2 Do you know all the names?
3 What's the feature of Daikoku?
4 What's the feature of Ebisu?
5 What's the musical instrument the female god holds?
6 Who is the god in armor?
7 How do you tell Fukurokuju from Jurojin?
8 Who is the god with a potbelly?
9 What's "shichifukujin-meguri"? Why do you do it?

Useful Words
ヒンズー教      Hinduism
道教         Taoism
打ち出の小づち    magic hammer
米俵         straw rice bag
鯛          sea bream
甲冑         armor
はげた頭       bald head
太鼓腹        potbelly
ご利益        blessing


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ゴータマ・ブッダ Gautama Buddha [Religion]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 What was Gautama called before he became a monk?
2 When and where was he born?
3 What was his father's job?
4 What did he do and say soon after he was born?
5 What did he see outside the north, south, east and west gate?
6 After that, what did he do?
7 Was he married?
8 What did he do to attain enlightenment?

Useful Words
天上天下唯我独尊 I am my own Lord throughout heaven and earth.
苦悩       suffering
~から逃れる   be free from
瞑想する     meditate
菩提樹      Bodhi tree / bo tree

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仏像 Buddhist Image [Religion]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 What does "nyorai" mean?
2 What does "bosatsu" mean?
3 Why does "bosatsu" wear nice clothes and accessories?
4 Why does "nyorai" wear only a simple robe?
5 Why does Daibutsu have pierced ears?
6 Whose land is the Buddhist heaven (the Western Pure Land)?
7 Aside from Amida Buddha, do you know any other buddhas?
8 Who is the buddha holding a medicine pot?
9 Who is Jizo? Is he "bosatsu" or "nyorai"?

Useful Worda
お釈迦さま    Gautama Buddha
薬師如来     Yakushi Buddha
菩薩       Buddhist saint
僧侶       Buddhist monk
~をモデルにする be modeled after
西方浄土     the Western Pure Land

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神社 Shrine [Religion]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 What's the difference between shrines and temples?
2 What's the origine of "torii" gates?
3 Why are "torii" gates red?
4 Why are there sake barrels at shrines?
5 Why do we need to wash our hands at the water basin?
6 Could you tell me how to wash our hands?
7 Why do you put a ¥5 coin into the offering box?
8 Could you tell me how to pray at a shrine?
9 Can people who don't believe in Shinto make a wish at a shrine?
10 Why does one of the stone dogs open its mouth and the other close?
11 Could you tell me how to draw fortune-telling paper?
12 My fortune-telling paper says "daikyo(大凶)." Am I an unlucky person?

Useful Words
止まり木    birdperch
神仏習合    the mixture of Shinto and Buddhism
神道の信者   Shinto believer, Shinto worshipper
清める     purify
手水舎     water basin
賽銭箱     (money) offering box
お辞儀する   bow
手をたたく   clap
こま犬     stone dog
おみくじ    fortune-telling paper

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式年遷宮 Shikinen Sengu [Religion]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 What's Shikinen Sengu?
2 Why do you do it?
3 Is Ise Grand Shrine the only shrine where Shikine Sengu takes place?
4 How long has Shikinen Sengu lasted?
5 Do you think you should keep this tradition?

Useful Words
取り壊す   demolish
移す     transfer
建築技術   architectual skills
材料、物資  materials
活性化する  stimulate

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禅 Zen Buddhism [Religion]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 Who established Zen Buddhism?
2 Why did Zen Buddhism develop in the Kamakura period?
3 Who started the Rinzai sect? Who started the Soto sect?
4 What's "zazen"?
5 How do you sit when you practice "zazen"?
6 How do you breathe when you practice "zazen"?
7 If you start nodding off in during a "zazen" session, what will happen?
8 Have you ever joined a "zazen" session?
9 What cultural things were influenced by Zen in Japan?
10 Why do you think Zen is so popular in the world?
11 What's "daruma"? When and how do you use it?

Useful Words
瞑想     meditation
胡坐をかく  sit cross-legged
息を吸う   inhale
息を吐く   exhale
無我の境地  a state of selflessness
座禅会    "zazen" session
枯山水    Japanese rock garden, Japanese dry garden
水墨画    India ink painting
片目を塗る  paint one pupil

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鎌倉仏教 the Reformation of Japanese Buddhism [Religion]

質問に答えて、英語スピーキング&ガイディングの練習をしましょう。
1 Who established the Jodo sect / the Jodo Shin sect / the Ji(shu) sect?
2 Why did these new Buddhist sects pop up in the Kamakura period?
3 What's the difference between these new Buddhist sects and old ones?
4 What's the Buddhist heaven like?
5 Why do we need to take training to attain enlightenment at the heaven?
6 What's the meaning of "Namu-Amidabutsu"?
7 Where do you think we go after death?
8 How do you stay calm and positive in a hard time?

Useful Words
宗教改革    the Reformation
浄土宗     the Jodo sect
悟りを開く   attain enlightenment
西方浄土    the Western Pure Land
阿弥陀仏    Amida Buddha

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共通テーマ:資格・学び